Telmatobius edaphonastes (De La Riva, 1994)
Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Telmatobiidae > Genus: Telmatobius > Species: Telmatobius edaphonastes
Listed as Endangered, in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 5,000 km2 and area of occupancy of less than 500 km2, with all individuals in fewer than five locations, and a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the Bolivian Andes.
(1) Snout-vent length of males to 47.2 mm, females to 43.6 mm; (2) head in lateral view moderately high, with rounded snout; (3) snout rounded in dorsal view; (4) lips not flared; (5) postcommisural gland present; (6) tympanum clearly visible; a strong supratympanic fold; (7) forelimb of males strong, without humeral spine; (8) nuptial spicules small, not closely arranged; nuptial pad on dorsal surface of thumb and separate from inner palmar tubercle; (9) webbing absent or vestigial; plantar surface smooth; (10) tarsal fold absent; (11) dorsal skin mostly smooth, with small, flat pustules; (12) dorsum uniformly dark brown; (13) venter graytranslucent, with brown mottling; throat and ventral surfaces of limbs pale orange with diffuse brown spots; (14) iris dark brown.
This species is known only from the slopes of the Bolivian Andes, at La Siberia, on the border between the departments of Cochabamba and Santa Cruz, and from Sehuencas in Parque Nacional Carrasco. It has been found at approximately 2,600m asl, though it presumably has a broader elevational range than this, and may also occur more widely.
It is both aquatic and terrestrial, and inhabits cloud forest and mountain streams, though its adaptability to altered habitats is not known. It presumably breeds in streams by larval development.
Bolivia Red Book: Endangered
Water quality and habitat:
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