Telmatobius simonsi (Parker, 1940)
Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Telmatobiidae > Genus: Telmatobius > Species: Telmatobius simonsi
Sucre Water Frog
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is probably in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat loss through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
(1) Snout-vent length of males to 72.3 mm, females to 77.1 mm; (2) head in lateral profile moderately high, with rounded snout; (3) snout rounded in dorsal view; (4) lips moderately flared; (5) postcommisural gland present; (6) tympanum and tympanic annulus visible or indistinct; a strong supratympanic fold; (7) forelimb of males robust, with strong anteroproximal crest but no protruding humeral spine; (8) nuptial spicules minute, closely arranged; nuptial pad covering about 1/4 of inner palmar tubercle; (9) foot webbing less than 1/4 of toe lengths; plantar surface with minute keratinized spicules; (10) tarsal fold present; (11) dorsal skin covered with pustules and keratinized spicules; (12) dorsum grayish-brown or brown with or without irregular brown blotches; (13) venter and ventral surfaces of limbs cream or yellow with brown blotches; (14) iris golden-brown with minute black flecks.
This species is endemic to the Bolivian Andes, where it has been recorded from the departments of Chuquisaca, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz (Köhler 2000a), from 1,000-2,800m asl.
It is an aquatic species, occurring in both open and forest habitats, in inter-Andean valleys. It can be found at night by the sides of roads, in waterways or trenches, or in ponds and small streams (Köhler 2000a). There is no information on its breeding biology, though it presumably takes place by larval development in water.
IUCN: Near Threatened
Bolivian Red Book: Vulnerable
Water quality and habitat:
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