The environment is the natural world, as a whole or in a particular geographical area, especially as affected by human activity.
Environmental law, also known as environmental and natural resources law, is a collective addressing environmental pollution. To put it short, it is defined as laws that relate to environmental problems. A first step towards understanding what environmental laws are, and how they impact our lives, is to understand the complexities of the environmental problems themselves. These types of problems can be hard to get your head around, as they might require a certain level of scientific knowledge or a detailed understanding of socio-political complexities.
It is very important to give importance towards this topic. Year after year our environment is being drastically affected due to global warming, deforestation Etc.
The government has initiated many programs and enacted laws to help protect the environment. Let’s read it down below.
The Environment Protection Act, 1986
This law was enacted by the Parliament of India in the year 1986 under the article number 253 of the Indian Constitution. It aims to implement decisions of the United Nations Conference of the Human Environment held at Stockholm in the year 1972. Their main aim is to protect human environment. It gives authorization to the government of India to reduce pollution and protect environment from hazardous activity that is caused by many human activities.
The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988
It was enacted by parliament of India in the year 1988. It amends the law relating to motor vehicles. This act helps in improving technology related to motor vehicles management system. It deals with the changes in the road development technology and how a passenger gets affected by this road transport mechanism. Numbers of commercial and personal vehicles in the country are increasing rapidly.
The Forest Conservation Act, 1980
It was enacted by Parliament of India in the year 1980. Further amendments were made in this act during 1988. It deals with issues related to forest and aims at forest conservation. It applies to the whole country except to the state Jammu and Kashmir. It provides restriction in how a forest land can be utilized. It prohibits the State Government, except prior permission from central government for issuing orders directing to use of forest land for non-forest purpose.
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