Established in 1964, the International Union for Conservation of Nature or IUCN Red List has evolved into becoming the most comprehensive source of global information used by wildlife departments and other government agencies, non-governmental conservation organizations, natural resource planners, business communities, educational institutions and students,
As it is our aim to disseminate information about Bolivia and its wildlife in particular, the AllTimeList.com has provided us with a compilation of animals specific to Bolivia that have been reported as endangered in the IUCN Red List.
Bolivia, being the fifth largest South American country with its tropical location, as well as its striking variations in climate and topography, has provided the country with a broad ecosystem ideal for animal and plant biodiversity. In fact Bolivia’s biodiversity of wildlife is one of the greatest in the world.
Yet like most countries endowed with an abundance of natural resources, Bolivia has pressing environmental issues that have affected some animal species. Although the Bolivian government has made efforts to address concerns such as deforestation, soil degradation and water pollution, the existence of a number of plant and animal wildlife is currently threatened due to loss of habitat and impaired biodiversity.
List of Bolivia Animals Included in the Latest IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
It has been several years now since four of Bolivia’s animal species have been included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Sadly, there has been a continuing decline in their respective population due to the decreasing number of matured animals found thriving in their natural habitats.
1. Bolivian Chinchilla Rat (Abrocoma Boliviensis)
This animal was last assessed as critically endangered in March 2016. It was last seen in Bolivia’s forests in 2013 and is feared that it has become locally extinct. Although this small animal was previously affected by the fur trade, evidence of the chinchillas becoming prey to local snake species has been documented.
2. Bolivian Spinetail (Cranioleuca Henricae)
A bird species last assessed as endangered in October 2016. It has remained in the list of endangered Bolivian animals, because the very small range of suitable habitat in which they thrive, has been severely degraded and fragmented.
3. Apolo Cotinga (Phibalura Boliviana)
Another bird species last assessed in Oct 2016. This bird is endemic to Bolivia and went unrecorded for 98 years until it was rediscovered in the year 2000. However, it has been reported under the endangered category since 2013 as its single, very small population is likely to decline rapidly due to habitat loss. This bird species has disappeared from former localities because their habitats are no longer in existence due to large-scale clearance and burning of areas used for cattle-ranching and agriculture purposes.
4. Beni Titi Monkey (Plecturocebus Modestus)
The Beni Titi Monkey is endemic to Bolivia and was last assessed as endangered in June 30, 2008. Although no longer encountered or present in the Petaca and La Laguna regions, a very small portion of this animal is included in the Beni Biosphere Reserve area. The groups of Titi Monkeys last surveyed in 2006 were fragmented around cattle ranches, a condition that suggests the species existence is threatened by forest loss and habitat fragmentation leading to a decline in the number of mature species.